3. Its chemical formula is NaCl, indicating a sodium ion bonded with a chlorine ion. Here, sodium hypochlorite is produced by passing chlorine gas into a cold, dilute sodium hydroxide solution. Both these compounds are very important as bleaching agents and disinfectants. Chlorite standard concentrations vs. area of peak around 3.6 minutes ( ). Sodium chlorite is used most commonly in industries such as paper and textile manufacturing to bleach out colors. It is a good oxidizing agent; hence is used to bleach various types of materials such as wood, oils, etc. When sodium hypochlorite is dissolved in water, it is known as liquid bleach due to its bleaching properties. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. "Chlorate", when followed by a Roman numeral in parentheses, e.g. 21, No. It is an ionic compound that contains a sodium cation (Na+) and chlorite anion (ClO2–). It also has a sweet odor. Difference Between Ammonia and Ammonium Hydroxide, Difference Between Oxidation Number and Charge, Similarities Between Sodium Chlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite, Side by Side Comparison – Sodium Chlorite vs Sodium Hypochlorite in Tabular Form, Compare Sodium Chlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite, Sodium Chlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite Differences, Sodium Chlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite Similarities, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Phase difference and Path difference, Difference Between Boiling Point and Melting Point, Difference Between Structural and Optical Isomers in Carbohydrates, Difference Between Visible Light and X rays, Difference Between Ion Electron Method and Oxidation Number Method, Difference Between Nicotinamide and Nicotinamide Riboside, Difference Between Bleaching Action of SO2 and Cl2, Difference Between Collagen Elastin and Reticular Fibers, Difference Between Oxalic Acid and Acetic Acid, Sodium chlorite is an inorganic chemical compound having the chemical formula NaClO. 2. The chlorate anion has the formula ClO − 3.In this case, the chlorine atom is in the +5 oxidation state. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. It is worth noting some of the potential health benefits of sodium chlorite. Eng.(Vol. “Sodium-hypochlorite” By Benjah-bmm27 – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia, Filed Under: Inorganic Chemistry Tagged With: Compare Sodium Chlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite, Sodium Chlorite, Sodium Chlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite Differences, Sodium Chlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite Similarities, Sodium Chlorite Definition, Sodium Chlorite Features, Sodium Chlorite Properties, Sodium Chlorite Uses, Sodium Chlorite vs Sodium Hypochlorite, Sodium Hypochlorite, Sodium Hypochlorite Definition, Sodium Hypochlorite Features, Sodium Hypochlorite Properties, Sodium Hypochlorite Uses. Sodium chlorite decomposes at about 180-200◦C. Sodium chlorite is an inorganic chemical compound having the chemical formula NaClO2. It works as a food preservative by removing water from meats and preventing bacterial growth. Sodium chlorite is produced indirectly from sodium chlorate. Sodium chlorite and sodium hypochlorite are common sodium salts used in industries. The molecular makeup of the two substances is different, which gives them different chemical properties. “Sodium hypochlorite.” National Center for Biotechnology Information. Chlorites are also known as salts of chlorous acid The molar mass of sodium hypochlorite is 74.44 g/mol. Chlorite and Chlorate from Chlorine Dioxide 649 Korean J. Chem. Sodium hypochlorite is mainly used as a disinfectant and as a bleaching agent. It also finds its way into the food and health industries as a disinfectant. Sodium chlorite, unstable as a solid, is typically sold in a solution. Chlorate standard concentrations vs. area of peak around 5.6 minutes ( ). Overview and Key Difference It is the most abundant form of salt in seawater, although seawater contains other salts as well. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } The molar mass of Sodium chlorite is 90.438 g/mol. But take care to use them properly. But the sodium salt of this acid is very stable and also inexpensive. Side by Side Comparison – Sodium Chlorite vs Sodium Hypochlorite in Tabular Form The oxidation state of chlorine in sodium chlorite is +3. Madhu is a graduate in Biological Sciences with BSc (Honours) Degree and currently persuing a Masters Degree in Industrial and Environmental Chemistry. Chlorate is present as an impurity in most sodium chlorite products with contamination levels usually 2–3% by weight of chlorite. The burning of sodium chlorite is difficult, but it can accelerate the burning of organic compounds. Sodium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound having the chemical formula NaClO. 6. Chlorine dioxide is very explosive and it is made by reducing sodium chlorate in a strong acid in the presence of a reducing agent like sodium sulfite. Sodium hypochlorite is used as a disinfectant by dissolving it in water to form “liquid bleach”. Mixing of sodium chlorite with the food-grade acid results in the formation of chlorite, chlorate, and chlorine dioxide. The key difference between sodium chlorite and sodium hypochlorite is that sodium chlorite contains chlorine atoms having +3 oxidation state whereas sodium hypochlorite contains chlorine atoms having +1 oxidation state. PubChem Compound Database, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Available here. The molar mass of sodium hypochlorite is 74.44 g/mol. It is available as a white crystalline powder which is odorless. Figure 2: Chemical Structure of Sodium Hypochlorite. This compound has de-staining properties; hence it is used to remove mold stains, dental stains, etc. 1. What is Sodium Hypochlorite Almost all the bleaching liquid we use in household contain around 3-8% of sodium hypochlorite. Sodium chlorite, however, must be manufactured using sodium chlorate (NaClO3), chlorine dioxide and hydrogen peroxide. The appearance of this compound can be described as a greenish yellow solid. Sodium chlorite is NaClO2 and sodium hypochlorite is NaClO. The atomic ratio between sodium, chlorine and oxygen is 1:1:1. Sodium hypochlorite is a good disinfectant since it has a broad range of anti-microbial activity. Calibration plots for chloride, chlorate and chlorite standards. All rights reserved. Sodium hypochlorite is a sodium salt of hypochlorous acid. Large caverns and mines of table salt exist around the world. The produced chlorine dioxide is then absorbed to an alkaline solution along with reduction by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Bioredox: On The Mechanisms Of Toxicity Of Chlorine Oxides Against Malarial Parasites - An Overview. The standard solutions of chlorite and chlorate were prepared by dilution of the ultra pure reagents. Chlorine dioxide is very volatile and is Sodium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound having the chemical formula NaClO. The limits of detection were 0.010mg/L for “Sodium hypochlorite.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 17 Feb. 2018, Available here. The molar mass of this compound is 90.438 g/mol when it is anhydrous. Sodium hypochlorite is a greenish-yellow solid. 1. 3. -20 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 Sodium hypochlorite has one sodium atom, chlorine atom and oxygen atom. “What Is Sodium Chlorite?” LIVESTRONG.COM, Leaf Group, 3 Oct. 2017, Available here. Sodium chlorite is a sodium salt of chlorous acid. 4. Sodium chlorite is mainly used in the manufacturing of paper and also as a disinfectant. Therefore it is the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid. The melting point is 18◦C and the boiling point is 101◦C. With a mind rooted firmly to basic principals of chemistry and passion for ever evolving field of industrial chemistry, she is keenly interested to be a true companion for those who seek knowledge in the subject of chemistry. Sodium chloride is also known as table salt and is the most common type of salt. The crystal structure of the compound is monoclinic. 1. The compound is also called chlorous acid. The other product that is given by this method is sodium chloride (NaCl). Similarities Between Sodium Chlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. "Chlorate" can also refer to chemical compounds containing this anion; chlorates are the salts of chloric acid.