They include treatises on logic (1728), ontology (1729), cosmology (1731), empirical and rational psychology (1732 and 1734), natural theology (2 vols., 1736–1737), universal practical philosophy (2 vols., 1738–1739), natural law (8 vols., 1740–1748), jus gentium (1749), and ethics (5 vols., 1750–1753). In 1699 he entered the University of Jena where mathematics, physics, and philosophy became his predominant interests. Contemporary Musicians. Exercises19 (Harmonic Tremors) and 20 (Acres of Clams) (2 pianos), 1980. ——. Wolff's commitment to rational method, the content of his metaphysics, his success with students, and an abrasive personal style soon generated criticism. He argued that many duties, and therefore rights, are innate to human nature, and in this respect all men are by nature equal. Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. Our consciousness of ourselves and of external things provides the foundation for his argument for the existence of the soul, with the Cartesian cogito ergo sum cast into syllogistic format. ." Fitzgerald pirouette. (October 16, 2020). Wolff earned his master's degree from the University of Leipzig in 1703; in 1707, with the help of a recommendation from Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, he was appointed professor of mathematics and natural sciences at the relatively new University of Halle, where he taught until 1723. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Long Peace March (flute/piccolo, oboe, clarinet/bass clarinet, bassoon/contrabassoon, alto saxophone, horn, trombone, percussion, viola), 1987. But what I became interested in introducing wasn’t even chance so much any more, but the element of what we called indeterminacy—not at the point of composition but at the point of performance. He was recommended for the latter post by Leibniz, with whom he had established a correspondence and whose philosophical ideas, although somewhat modified and vulgarized, subsequently became the cornerstone of his own philosophical writings. (1995); Bratislava for Chamber Ensemble (1995). Wolffian School.  Wolff recently said of his work that it is motivated by his desire "to turn the making of music into a collaborative and transforming activity (performer into composer into listener into composer into performer, etc. He retired from teaching at Dartmouth in 1999. 65). Subsequently, Wolff, around the age of 14 or 15, decided to try composing music. Composer Conlon Nancarrow produced a body of work that is among the most challenging in twentieth-century music. French-born American composer Christian Wolff helped establish a movement in contemporary classical music collectively known as the New York School. Dark as a Dungeon (clarinet; also for trombone, double bass), 1977. Wolff, Christian, French-born American composer and teacher; b. Preliminary Discourse on Philosophy in General. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/wolff-christian. He qualified as a Privatdocent at the University of Leipzig in 1703 with a treatise entitled De philosophia practica universali methodo mathematica conscripta. Tilbury (unspecified instrumentation), 1969. His later pieces, such as the sequence of pieces Exercises (1973-), offer some freedom to the performers. Hildesheim and New York, 1962–.