Greco-Roman science and mathematics were improved and new discoveries were made. What are the characteristics and core teachings of Daoism? Diseases killed large populations in empires. Classical era trade routes were improved upon in post-Classical era trade routes, with more advancements in technology, new items being traded, and a large amount of cross-cultural interaction and wealth. Economic pressure for new products from different areas and technological development contributed to the changes between the two eras. Many societies had new palatial and grand styles of buildings. Description. What literary works influenced later areas? It generated conflicts amongst the wealthy and the poor. Humans offered sacrifice, provided them special rituals, and offerings to keep them in their lives and remember them. What unique social and economic characteristics existed in empires? What other religious/cultural traditions were common by or before 600 CE? To a large extent major world religions have already seen globalization. What techniques did Classical empires create to administer their territories? How and where did Buddhism spread by 600 C.E.? A "universal religion" is one followed by many people. Christianity spread to the Mediterranean basin and southwest Asia by missionaries that showed others the miracles of God by traveling along the silk roads. There was considerable wealth and cross cultural exchanges. Compared due to the organization of large-scale empires. How did art and culture develop to 600 C.E.? AP WORLD TEST. Items in lower case italics are classes of religion and not actual religions. Encouraged also by the minting of coins, paper money, trading organizations, and state-sponsored commercial infrastructures. Number and size hello dramatically when there was political unity, new specialized labor, and advanced economy with technology and trading. Trading helped many integate culturally and economically. AP World History: Modern Key Takeaways — Period 1 (1200-1450). Also, large imperial economies deteriorated and turned into small self-sufficient economies. How did religions help strengthen political, economic, and cultural ties within societies? How did humans relate to their deceased ancestors? Caste systems and social stratification helped maintain the empires, with cultivators to make food, artisans and craftsmen to manufacture goods, merchants to trade, priests to perform rituals, and elites to rule the empire. What functions did imperial cities perform? The post-classical era trade networks witnessed a deepening and widening of old and new networks of interaction between others within and outside the regions. How did religions promote a sense of unity? AP World History Themes SPICE Chart: Definitions and Guiding Questions . How did religions help strengthen political, economic, and cultural ties within society? Also, trades between distant lands were strengthened by religions. Belief systems had an affect on gender roles, mainly creating a stronger patriarchal society. What technologies enabled long-distance Overland and maritime trade? Confucianism was created by Kong Fuzi, who believed that a good government came from the maintenance of traditions, like filial piety and the veneration of ancestors, and that government should be run by well-educated officials. What new technologies, governmental policies, and merchant activities accompanied these developments? They existed in South Asia, Far east, Central Asia, and in some Mediterranean regions. Influenced the chinese culture: medical, social practices, and technology. The simultaneous appearance of thinkers and philosophers in different areas of the world had been remarked by numerous authors since the 18th century, notably by the French Indologist Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron. Core beliefs of Daoism (Daodejing) was the balance of human and nature and the political ways should be changed indirectly. Unique social and characteristics were cities which served as political centers, social structures, production of food provided by different levels of workers, and patriarchal society. Empires created imperial systems, like centralized bureaucracies and taxation systems. What is an "empire," and what were empires' common characteristics during the Classical Era? Also with the help of developing educational places that teaches its beliefs. How did religions affect gender roles in their respective societies? Many traditions contained codified written belif systems and social distinctions, political ways based on religious rules/laws. What other religious/cultural traditions were common by or before 600 C.E.? However, most power was given to the males. New and improved transportation methods, government policies like the standardization of currency, and merchant activities like increased trade and new products. How did art and culture develop to 600 CE? What are the characteristics and core teachings of Judaism? Besides physical goods, what intangibles also trade networks? Religious and political ways portrayed rulers as divine or the mandate of heaven for instance. If you need to contact the Course-Notes.Org web … Universal religion synonyms, Universal religion pronunciation, Universal religion translation, English dictionary definition of Universal religion. Jaspers introduced the concept of an Axial Age in his book Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte (The Origin and Goal of History), published in 1949. The need for an understanding of natural powers of the world, like life and death, influenced religious beliefs and different philosophies to make the understanding of the natural forces more easily understood. Cities added during this era were Novgorod, Timbuktu, Swahili city-states, Hangzhou, Calicut, Baghdad, Melaka, Venice, Tenochtitlan, and Cahokia. How did trade and communication networks develop by 600 CE? How did Classical era trade networks compare to Ancient era networks? How did the number and size of classical empires compare to the ancient era? Along with social distinctions. We hope your visit has been a productive one. For example, "theism" is any religion that contains god(s), and "polytheism" is a form of theism. Built and maintained roads and issued currencies also. Characteristics were the fact it is a monotheistic belief and developed the Hebrew Scriptures. They were excessive mobilization of resources, causing environmental damage, and social changes,economic difficulties by giving too much power and wealth to the higher classes. The spread of religions and the sharing of beliefs influenced politics and political rulers and the sharing of similar cultural traditions. The number and size of empires grew dramatically from the Ancient Era. What are the characteristics and core teachings of Judaism? Universal religions are known as this because traditions diffuse and spread using universal truths. religions do not exist. How did classical era trade networks compare to ancient era networks? New trade networks were between Mesoamerica and the Andes. The invention of new products, like saddles, sails, yokes, and stirrups, and the domestication of animals, like camels and oxen, allowed for trade to occur over longer distances than ever before. What caused classical empires decline, collapse, or transform into something else? The word for a follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times; A person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions Ghettos A city neighborhood set up … 1. Also, reincarnation and living many lives was part of Hinduism. 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