Stalkers were identified by their endorsement of specific behavioral items, … Problem solving has two major domains: mathematical problem solving and personal problem solving. Simply expressed, effective problem solvers invariably see problems as opportunities, a chance to… Read More » Problem-solving is a mental process that involves discovering, analyzing, and solving problems. Effective problem solvers share ten common characteristics. They have less drama and problems to begin with and don't get overly emotional when faced with a problem. It contains an analysis of already published knowledge, compares it and evaluates it critically in order to create a basis that is corresponding to the current state of cognition. This involves all of the steps in the problem process, including the discovery of the problem, the decision to tackle the issue, understanding the problem, researching the available options and taking actions to achieve your goals. Analogy – is using a solution that solves a similar problem. The article reacts on the works of the leading theorists in the fields of psychology focusing on the theory of problem solving. [6] Empirical research shows many different strategies and factors influence everyday problem solving. The idea of including the subject in Additional Problem Solving Strategies: Abstraction – refers to solving the problem within a model of the situation before applying it to reality. 1. Look closer, and you’ll discover that problem solving is more a skill than a gift. In cognitive psychology, the term problem-solving refers to the mental process that people go through to discover, analyze, and solve problems. The ultimate goal of problem-solving is to overcome obstacles and find a solution that best resolves the issue. Both are seen in terms of some difficulty or barrier that is encountered. 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