The painting was inspired by a panel painted by Raphael's early teacher Perugino of The Marriage of the Holy Virgin and also, his famous fresco of Christ Delivering the Keys to St Peter's. Date Created: 1516-1520 The Transfiguration was the final painting of Raphael … Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, was born on April 6, 1483 to Giovanni Santi di Pietro and Magia di Battista di Nicola Ciarla, who came from wealthy merchant families from Urbino and Colbordolo in the Marche Region. St Augustine and St Ambrose are seated to the right of the altar and Pope Gregory I and St Jerome to the left. January 9, 2013, By Maria D'Alessandro / Even the colors of the painting are derived from Perugino - the cloudless blue sky, the deep blues, roses and yellows and the blue green of the hills. This is because in his art, Raphael portrayed noble and ideal individuals who move with dignity and grace through an intelligible and ordered world.This was achieved by unifying the movements of his figures and the spaces he created for them into integrated, harmonious compositions. May 30, 2017, By James Hall / A compositional study for the early St Nicholas of Tolentino altarpiece shows his concern for underlying geometric structure in composition and his practice of studying each figure separately from a living model. Raphael painted on paper, and even perhaps vellum, and each of his tapestry cartoons consists of numerous sheets of paper glued together. Many of the philosophers are recognizable through their iconography, which would have been widely understood at the time and are drawn from busts recovered from archaeological excavations. From a childhood spent in his painter father's workshop to his adult life running one of the largest workshops of its kind, he garnered a reputation as one of the most productive artists of his time. Early years - the influence of Perugino: It is nearly impossible to separate the style of Raphael in the early years from that of his master, Perugino. Raphael not only mastered the signature techniques of High Renaissance art such as sfumato, perspective, precise anatomical correctness, and authentic emotionality and expression, he also incorporated an individual style noted for its clarity, rich color, effortless composition, and grandeur that was distinctly his own. The artist was known, in contrast to one of his biggest rivals Michelangelo, as a man of conviviality, universally popular, and congenial, and a great lover of the ladies. Date Created: 1509-1511 The School of Athens is another fresco in the Stanza della Segnatura,... 2. All Rights Reserved |, The Life of Raphael (From Lives of the Artists), Raphael: Paintings and Biography of Raphael, Raphael: The Drawings review - a magnificent, mind-opening exhibition, Raphael: Poetry in Painting at the Pushkin Museum, Raph, Teenage Mutant Turtles, named after Raphael, The Muppets and Sesame Street: parodying the two angels. The source of the animosity was however probably no more than that of competition between two extremely talented professionals vying for the favor of the same client. Also present are Pope Julius II, Pope Sixtus IV, Savonarola, and Dante. On earth are theologians. All together this fresco depicts over 100 figures. Analyzing the painting's mediums gives clear insights into Raphael's methods and the technical context of his work. Modern scientific methods can determine the materials Raphael used in his works. The high vaulted ceiling with a view of the sky gives the feeling that we are entering into the realm of super human thought and activity and increases the sense of awe of being in the company of men so instrumental in shaping our understanding of the world. Moses is seen holding the tablets with the ten commandments, and the Holy Spirit is shown at the feet of Jesus. There is the gradual abandonment of the metal point in favor of chalk, and his use of the new medium of red chalk especially for the studies for the female nudes in The Triumph of Galatea. The Disputation of the Holy Sacrament represents theology and shows the occupants of a Catholic Church underneath the span of heaven above their sacred altar. Raphael was not an artistic innovator in the same sense as da Vinci and Michelangelo, yet has been praised as the ideal High Renaissance painter for the past five centuries. For example, Leonardo's compositional ideas lie behind Raphael's portrait of Maddalena Doni, and also the Florentine landscapes in which the figures are arranged into a pyramid or cone, with each part retaining a dynamic and organic relationship to the others.Raphael's drawing style also changed in Florence, where more of his work was in pen and ink, often used as a rougher means of generating and exploring ideas as well as defining them. This painting represents a key point in the development of Raphael as a painter fusing the artistic style of his master Perugino with his own emerging confidence. Alive for only 37 prolific and passionate years, Raphael blazed a comet's trail of painting throughout the apex of the Italian High Renaissance. By the time he settled in Rome however, all of Raphael's paintings were executed entirely in oil. Also known as Lo Sposalizio, The Marriage of the Virgin was commissioned by the Albizzini family for the chapel of St. Joseph in the Franciscan church of San Francesco of the Minorities at Città di Castello. Although called The School of Athens, the title refers to philosophers from the classical world rather than any particular school of philosophy. These also suggest some accessible resources for further research, especially ones that can be found and purchased via the internet.